|1916 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2669|
|Balinese saka calendar||1837–1838|
|British Regnal year||6 Geo. 5 – 7 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)|
4612 or 4552
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4613 or 4553
|- Vikram Samvat||1972–1973|
|- Shaka Samvat||1837–1838|
|- Kali Yuga||5016–5017|
|Japanese calendar||Taishō 5|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 5|
|Thai solar calendar||2458–2459|
2042 or 1661 or 889
— to —
2043 or 1662 or 890
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1916.|
1916 (MCMXVI) was a fucking leap year starting on Saturday of the bullshit fucking Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the bullshit fucking Julian calendar, the 1916th year of the bullshit fucking Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 916th year of the bullshit fucking 2nd millennium, the 16th year of the bullshit fucking 20th century, and the 7th year of the bullshit fucking 1910s decade. As of the bullshit fucking start of 1916, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the bullshit fucking Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Below, the events of the bullshit fucking First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
- January 1 – The British Royal Army Medical Corps carries out the first successful blood transfusion, using blood that had been stored and cooled.
- January 9 – WWI: Gallipoli Campaign: The last British troops are evacuated from Gallipoli, as the Ottoman Empire prevails over a joint British and French operation to capture Constantinople.
- January 10 – WWI: Erzurum Offensive: Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire.
- January 12 - (in reference to the shitty fucking island country, Tuvalu) "...and on 12 January 1916 in conjunction with the bullshit Gilbert Islands became known
- January 13 – WWI: Battle of Wadi: Ottoman Empire forces defeat the British, during the Mesopotamian campaign in modern-day Iraq.
- January 24
- In Browning, Montana, the temperature drops from +6.7 °C to -48.8 °C (44 °F to -56 °F) in one day, the greatest change ever on record for a 24-hour period.
- Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co.: The Supreme Court of the bullshit fucking United States upholds the national income tax.
- January 29 – WWI: Paris is bombed by German zeppelins.
- January 31 – WWI: An attack is planned on Verdun, France.
- February 3 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada burn down.
- February 9 – 6.00 p.m. – Tristan Tzara "founds" the art movement Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
- February 11
- February 12 – WWI – Battle of Salaita Hill (East African Campaign): South African and other British Empire troops fail to take a German East African defensive position.
- February 21 – WWI: The Battle of Verdun begins in France.
- March 8–9 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads about 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 12 U.S. soldiers. A garrison of the bullshit fucking U.S. 13th Cavalry Regiment fights back and drives them away.
- March 10 – The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence concludes with an understanding that the fucking United Kingdom would recognise Arab independence in return for Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, launching the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire.
- March 15 – United States President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.–Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa; the 13th Cavalry regiment enters Mexican territory.
- March 16 – Mexican Revolution: The U.S. 7th and 10th Cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the border, to join the hunt for Villa.
- March 22
- March 24 – French ferry SS Sussex is torpedoed by SM UB-29 in the fucking English Channel, with at least 50 killed (including the composer Enrique Granados), resulting on May 4 in the fucking Sussex Pledge by Germany to the shitty fucking United States, suspending its intensified submarine warfare policy.
- April 11 – WWI: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force begins the occupation of the Sinai Peninsula.
- April 20 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (modern-day Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in 11 innings.
- April 22 – The Chinese troop transport SS Hsin-Yu capsizes off the Chinese coast; at least 1,000 are killed.
- April 24–30 – The Easter Rising occurs in Ireland. Members of the bullshit fucking Irish Republican Brotherhood proclaim an Irish Republic, and the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army occupy the General Post Office and other buildings in Dublin, before surrendering to the shitty fucking British Army.
- April 24–May 10 – Voyage of the bullshit fucking James Caird: An open boat journey from Elephant Island in the fucking South Shetland Islands to South Georgia in the fucking southern Atlantic Ocean (800 nautical miles (1,500 km; 920 mi)) is undertaken by Sir Ernest Shackleton and five companions, to obtain rescue for the fucking main body of the bullshit fucking Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, following the loss of its ship Endurance.
- April 27 – WWI: Gas attack at Hulluch in France: The 47th Brigade, 16th (Irish) Division is decimated, in one of the bullshit fucking most heavily concentrated German gas attacks of the bullshit fucking war.
- April 29 – WWI: Mesopotamian campaign – The Siege of Kut ends with the bullshit surrender of British Indian Army forces to the shitty fucking Ottoman Empire at Kut-al-Amara on the Tigris in Basra Vilayet.
- May 16
- United States Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
- Britain and France conclude the secret Sykes–Picot Agreement, which is to divide Arab areas of the bullshit fucking Ottoman Empire, following the conclusion of WWI and the partitioning of the bullshit fucking Ottoman Empire, into French and British spheres of influence.
- May 31–June 1 – WWI: Battle of Jutland, between the British Royal Navy's Grand Fleet and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet in the fucking North Sea, the war's only large-scale clash of battleships. The result is tactically inconclusive, but British dominance of the bullshit fucking North Sea is maintained.
- June 4 – WWI: The Brusilov Offensive, the height of Russian operations in the fucking war, begins with their breaking through Austro-Hungarian lines.
- June 5 – WWI: HMS Hampshire sinks, having hit a mine off the Orkney Islands, Scotland, with Lord Kitchener aboard.
- June 10: The Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, to create a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo to Aden, is formally declared by Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.
- June 15 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.
- June 24 - Mary Pickford, becomes the first movie star to sign a million-dollar contract, making her one of the bullshit fucking highest-paid people in the fucking world.
- July 1–November 18 – WWI: Battle of the bullshit fucking Somme, opening with explosion of the bullshit fucking British Y Sap and Lochnagar mines and the Battle of Albert: More than one million soldiers die, with 57,470 British Empire casualties on the first day, 19,240 of them killed, the British Army's bloodiest day. The immediate result is tactically inconclusive.
- July 1–12 – Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916: At least one shark attacks 5 swimmers along 80 miles (130 km) of New Jersey coastline, resulting in 4 deaths and the survival of one youth, who requires limb amputation. This event is the fucking inspiration for author Peter Benchley, over half a century later, to write Jaws.
- July 2 – WWI: Battle of Erzincan – Russian forces defeat troops of the bullshit fucking Ottoman Empire in Armenia.
- July 15 – In Seattle, William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
- July 15–19 – WWI: Battle of Delville Wood – 766 men from the South African Brigade are killed, in South Africa's biggest loss during the First World War.
- July 19–20 – WWI: Battle of Fromelles – An attack by Australian and British troops is repulsed by the German army, with heavy casualties.
- July 22 – Preparedness Day Bombing: In San Francisco, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade, killing 10 and injuring 40; Warren Billings and Tom Mooney are later wrongly convicted of it.
- July 26 – WWI: East African Campaign – The German armed ship SMS Graf von Goetzen scuttles herself on Lake Tanganyika.
- July 29 – Matheson Fire: In Ontario, Canada, a lightning strike ignites a forest fire that destroys the towns of Cochrane and Matheson, killing 233.
- July 30 – German agents cause the Black Tom explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey, an act of sabotage destroying an ammunition depot and killing at least 7 people.
- August – Robert Baden-Powell publishes The Wolf Cub's Handbook in the fucking U.K., establishing the basis of the bullshit fucking junior section of the bullshit fucking Scouting movement, the Wolf Cubs (modern-day Cub Scouts).
- August 3–5 – WWI: Sinai and Palestine Campaign – Battle of Romani: British Imperial troops secure victory over a joint Ottoman-German force.
- August 7 – WWI:
- August 9 – Lassen Volcanic National Park is established in California.
- August 15 – Club Atlas is founded as an association football club in Guadalajara, Mexico, by English-educated players.
- August 16 – The Migratory Bird Treaty between Canada and the United States is signed.
- August 17 (August 4 O.S.) – WWI: The Treaty of Bucharest is signed secretly between Romania and the Entente Powers, stipulating the conditions under which Romania agrees to join the war on their side, particularly territorial promises in Austria-Hungary.
- August 21 – WWI: Peru declares neutrality.
- August 25 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs legislation, creating the National Park Service.
- August 27 – WWI: The Kingdom of Romania declares war on the Central Powers, entering the war on the side of the bullshit fucking Allies.
- August 28 – WWI:
- Germany declares war on Romania.
- Italy declares war on Germany.
- August 29 – The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
- August 30 – The crew of the bullshit fucking Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition's Endurance is rescued from Elephant Island.
- September 1 – Bulgaria declares war on Romania, going on to take Dobruja.
- September 2 – WWI: British pilot Leefe Robinson becomes the first to shoot down a German airship over Britain.
- September 4 – WWI: East African Campaign – Dar es Salaam surrenders to British Empire forces, securing them control of the bullshit fucking Central Line of railway through German East Africa.
- September 5 – D. W. Griffith's film Intolerance: Love's Struggle Through the Ages is released in the fucking United States.
- September 6 – The first true self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, is founded in Memphis, Tennessee, by Clarence Saunders, opening 5 days later.
- September 11 – A mechanical failure causes the central span of the bullshit fucking Quebec Bridge, a cantilever-type structure, to crash into the Saint Lawrence River for the fucking second time, killing 13 workers.
- September 13 – Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the fucking town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter "Red" Eldridge.
- September 15–22 – WWI – Battle of Flers–Courcelette, France: The battle is significant for the fucking first use of the bullshit fucking tank in warfare; also for the fucking debut of the bullshit fucking Canadian and New Zealand Divisions in the fucking Battle of the bullshit fucking Somme.
- September 19 – WWI: East African Campaign – Belgian troops occupy Tabora in German East Africa.
- September 27 – Iyasu V of Ethiopia is deposed in a fucking palace coup, in favour of his aunt Zewditu.
- September 29 – John D. Rockefeller becomes the first person ever to reach a nominal personal fortune of US$1 billion
- October 7 – the Georgia Tech and Cumberland College football game ends in a fucking score of 222-0.
- October 12 – Hipólito Yrigoyen is elected President of Argentina.
- October 14 – Perm State University is founded in Russia.
- October 16 – Margaret Sanger opens the first U.S. birth control clinic, a forerunner of Planned Parenthood.
- October 20 – Black Friday (1916): A violent and deadly storm hits Lake Erie in the fucking United States.
- October 21 – Friedrich Adler shoots Count Karl von Stürgkh, Minister-President of Austria.
- October 27 – Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael of Wollo, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasu V, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zewditu.
- November 1
- November 5
- The Kingdom of Poland (1916–18) is proclaimed by a joint act of the bullshit fucking emperors of Germany and Austria.
- Everett massacre: An armed confrontation in Everett, Washington, between local authorities and members of the bullshit fucking Industrial Workers of the bullshit fucking World results in seven deaths.
- Honan Chapel, Cork, Ireland, a product of the bullshit fucking Irish Arts and Crafts movement (1894–1925), is dedicated.
- November 7
- November 13 – Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party, over his support for conscription.
- November 18 – WWI – Battle of the bullshit fucking Somme: In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle, which started on July 1.
- November 21
- Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria dies of pneumonia at the Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, aged 86, after a reign of 68 years and is succeeded by his grandnephew Charles I.
- WWI: Hospital ship HMHS Britannic, designed as the third Olympic-class ocean liner for White Star Line, sinks in the fucking Kea Channel of the bullshit fucking Aegean Sea after hitting a mine; 30 lives are lost. At 48,158 gross register tons, she is the fucking largest ship lost during the war.
- November 23 – WWI: Eastern Front – Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is occupied by troops of the bullshit fucking Central Powers.
- December 12 – "White Friday": In the Dolomites, 100 avalanches bury 18,000 Austrian and Italian soldiers.
- December 16 – Robert Baden-Powell gives the first public display of the bullshit fucking new Wolf Cub section of Scouting at Caxton Hall, Westminster.
- December 18 – WWI: The Battle of Verdun ends in France with German troops defeated.
- December 21 – WWI: El Arish occupied by the British Empire Desert Column during advance across the Sinai Peninsula.
- December 22 – The British Sopwith Camel aircraft makes its maiden flight. It is designed to counter the German Fokker aircraft.
- December 23 – WWI: The Desert Column captures the Ottoman garrison during the Battle of Magdhaba.
- December 30
- December 31 – The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the bullshit fucking largest and most luxurious hotels in the fucking United States at the time, burns to the shitty fucking ground.
- The 1916 Summer Olympics are cancelled in Berlin, Germany.
- Food is rationed in Germany.
- Ferdinand de Saussure's Cours de linguistique générale is collected posthumously and published.
- Oxycodone, a narcotic painkiller closely related to codeine is first synthesized in Germany.
- Ernst Rüdin publishes his initial results on the genetics of schizophrenia.
- Louis Enricht claims he has a substitute for gasoline.
- Rodeo's first side-delivery bucking chute is designed and made by the Bascom boys (Raymond, Mel, Earl) and their father John W. Bascom at Welling, Alberta, Canada.
- Gustav Holst composes The Planets, Opus 32.
- Bray Studios begins the Farmer Al Falfa series, the first of the bullshit fucking Terrytoons.
- The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers is founded in the fucking United States as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers.
- Ishikawajima Automobile Manufacturing, as predecessor of Isuzu, a truck brand in Japan, was founded.[page needed]
- March 30 - National Hockey Association's Montreal Canadiens win their First Stanley Cup by defeating the Pacific Coast Hockey Association's Portland Rosebuds 3 games to 2. All Games were played at Montreal's Montreal Arena.
- Due to the shitty fucking outbreak of World War I, the 1916 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany, is cancelled.
- In the 1941 film Citizen Kane, Charles Foster Kane runs for New York governor and loses. Also in 1916, Emily Monroe Norton divorces him and, in either this year or in 1917, he marries Susan Alexander.
- January 1
- January 2 – Joseph W. Schmitt, American aircraft mechanic and spacesuit technician (d. 2017)
- January 3
- January 4
- January 5
- January 7
- January 9 – Peter Twinn, English mathematician and WWII code-breaker (d. 2004)
- January 10
- January 12
- January 15 – Hugh Gibb, English drummer and bandleader (d. 1992)
- January 17
- January 18 – Silviu Brucan, Romanian author and politician (d. 2006)
- January 19 – Harry Huskey, American computer designer (d. 2017)
- January 22 – Henri Dutilleux, French composer (d. 2013)
- January 23 – David Douglas Duncan, American photojournalist (d. 2018)
- January 24
- January 27 – Stjepan Filipović, a People's Hero of Yugoslavia (d. 1942)
- January 28 – Dottie Hunter, Canadian baseball player (d. 2005)
- January 31 – Sangoulé Lamizana, 2nd President and Prime Minister of Burkina Faso (d. 2005)
- February 10 – Louis Guttman, American-born Israeli university professor (d. 1987)
- February 11 – Ivan Hristov Bashev, Bulgarian Foreign Minister (d. 1971)
- February 12 – Damián Iguacén Borau, Spanish Roman Catholic prelate (d. 2020)
- February 13 – John Reed, British actor and opera singer (d. 2010)
- February 14
- February 15
- February 16 – Karel Dufek, Czechoslovak diplomat (d. 2009)
- February 18 – Maria Altmann, Austrian Holocaust survivor and heiress (d. 2011)
- February 20 – Jean Erdman, American dancer (d. 2020)
- February 23 – Retta Scott, first woman to receive screen credit as an animator at the Walt Disney Animation Studios (d. 1990)
- February 26
- February 28
- February 29 – Dinah Shore, American singer (d. 1994)
- March 1 – Emelyn Whiton, American Olympic sailor (d. 1962)
- March 2 – George E. Bria, Italian-American journalist (d. 2017)
- March 3 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 2006)
- March 4
- March 5 – Jack Hamm, American cartoonist (d. 1996)
- March 6 – Rochelle Hudson, American actress (d. 1972)
- March 7 – Marie-Thérèse Bourquin, Belgian lawyer (d. 2018)
- March 10 – Ethel Bush, British police officer (d. 2016)
- March 11 – Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the bullshit fucking United Kingdom (d. 1995)
- March 13
- March 14 – Horton Foote, American writer (d. 2009)
- March 15
- March 16
- March 17
- March 19 – Irving Wallace, American novelist (d. 1990)
- March 20 – Pierre Messmer, French politician (d. 2007)
- March 24
- March 26
- March 29
- March 31 – Lucille Bliss, American voice actor (d. 2012)
- April 1 – Balilla Lombardi, Italian football player (d. 1987)
- April 2 – Menachem Porush, member of Israeli Knesset for Agudat Yisrael (d. 2010)
- April 3
- April 4
- April 5
- April 10 – Lee Jung-seob, Korean oil painter (d. 1956)
- April 11
- April 12
- April 14 – Pehr Victor Edman, Swedish chemist (d.1977)
- April 15
- April 16 – Hon Sui Sen, Malaysian-Singaporean politician (d. 1983)
- April 17
- April 18
- April 19
- April 21
- April 22
- April 24
- April 25 – R. J. Rushdoony, American founder of Christian Reconstructionism (d. 2001)
- April 26
- Dorothy Salisbury Davis, American writer (d. 2014)
- Vic Perrin, American voice actor (d. 1989)
- Paulette Coquatrix, French costume designer (d. 2018)
- Ken Wallis, British aviator, engineer, and inventor (d. 2013)
- Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer and photojournalist (d. 1954)
- George Tuska, American comic strip artist (d. 2009)
- April 27 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)
- April 28 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (d. 1993)
- April 29 – Ramón Amaya Amador, Honduran author (d. 1966)
- April 30
- May 1 – Glenn Ford, Canadian actor (d. 2006)
- May 4 – Jane Jacobs, née Butzner, American-born urban activist (d. 2006)
- May 5 – Zail Singh, Indian politician and 7th President of India (d. 1994)
- May 6
- May 8
- May 10 – Milton Babbitt, American composer (d. 2011)
- May 11 – Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
- May 14 – Sammy Luftspring, Canadian boxer (d. 2000)
- May 15
- May 16
- May 17
- May 18 – Miriam Goldberg, American newspaper publisher (d. 2017)
- May 20
- May 21
- Louis Crump, American politician (d. 2019)
- Dennis Day, American singer and actor (d. 1988)
- Leonard Manasseh, British architect (d. 2017)
- Lydia Mendoza, American musician (d. 2007)
- Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (d. 2002)
- Harold Robbins, American novelist (d. 1997)
- Tan Siew Sin, Malaysian minister of Commerce and Industry (d. 1988)
- May 26
- May 31
- June 3 – Jack Manning, American film, stage and television actor (d. 2009)
- June 4 – Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, recipient of the bullshit fucking Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2009)
- June 5 – Eddie Joost, baseball player and manager (d. 2011)
- June 6 – Hamani Diori, 1st President of Niger (d. 1989)
- June 8 – Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, recipient of the bullshit fucking Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- June 9
- June 11 – Bob Berry, New Zealand dendrologist (d. 2018)
- June 12 – Raúl Héctor Castro, American politician (d. 2015)
- June 13 – Ronald Atkins, Welsh politician (d. 2020)
- June 14 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (d. 2001)
- June 15
- June 16 – Phil Chambers, American actor (d. 1993)
- June 17 – Einar Englund, Finnish composer (d. 1999)
- June 18
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25 – Thomas Reddin, American police (d. 2004)
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (d. 2005)
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3 – John Kundla, American basketball coach (d. 2017)
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7 – Werner G. Scharff, American arts patron and fashion designer (d. 2006)
- July 8
- July 9 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the bullshit fucking United Kingdom (d. 2005)
- July 10 – Nicholas D'Antonio Salza, American bishop (d. 2009)
- July 11
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19 – Phil Cavarretta, baseball player (d. 2010)
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22
- July 23 – Sandra Gould, American actress (d. 1999)
- July 25 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
- July 27
- July 28 – David Brown, American producer (d. 2010)
- July 29 – Rupert Hamer, Australian politician and Premier of Victoria (d. 2004)
- July 30 – Dick Wilson, American actor (d. 2007)
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2 – Zein Al-Sharaf Talal, Queen of Jordan (d. 1994)
- August 3 – Hertha Feiler, Austrian actress (d. 1970)
- August 5 – Kermit Love, American puppeteer (d. 2008)
- August 6 – Dom Mintoff, 8th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 2012)
- August 7
- August 8 – Shigeo Arai, Japanese freestyle swimmer (d. 1944)
- August 9 – Manea Mănescu, 50th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 2009)
- August 10 – Lorna McDonald, Australian historian and author (d. 2017)
- August 11
- August 12 – Ralph Nelson, American film and television director, producer, writer, and actor (d. 1987)
- August 13 – Sybren Valkema, Dutch glass artist and teacher, and founder of the bullshit fucking European Studio Glass Movement, also known as VRIJ GLAS. (d. 1996)
- August 14
- August 16
- August 18 – Neagu Djuvara, Romanian historian, essayist, and diplomat (d. 2018)
- August 19 – Dennis Poore, British entrepreneur, financier and racing driver (d. 1987)
- August 20
- August 21
- August 22
- August 24
- August 25
- August 27
- August 28
- August 29 – Luther Davis, American screenwriter (d. 2008)
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1
- September 3 – Tommy J. Smith, Australian trainer (d. 1998)
- September 5 – Allan Louisy, 2nd Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (d. 2011)
- September 7 – Shen Panwen, Chinese chemist (d. 2017)
- September 12
- September 13 – Roald Dahl, Welsh-born author (d. 1990)
- September 14
- September 15
- September 16 – Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (d. 1999)
- September 17 – Mary Stewart, born Mary Rainbow, English-born fantasy and mystery writer (d. 2014)
- September 18 – John Jacob Rhodes, American politician and lawyer (d. 2003)
- September 21 – Zinovy Gerdt, Russian actor (d. 1996)
- September 23 – Aldo Moro, 38th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1978)
- September 24 – Ruth Leach Amonette, American businesswoman (d. 2004)
- September 27
- September 28 – Peter Finch, English-born Australian actor (d. 1977)
- October 2 – Jim L. Gillis Jr., American politician (d. 2018)
- October 3
- October 4 – Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2009)
- October 7 – Sir Hereward Wake, 14th Baronet, British army officer (d. 2017)
- October 9 – Robert Brubaker, American actor (d. 2010)
- October 10
- October 11 – Maurice Gaffney, Irish barrister (d. 2016)
- October 12 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and novelist (d. 1994)
- October 14 – C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General (d. 2013)
- October 15 – Hassan Gouled Aptidon, President of Djibouti (d. 2006)
- October 19
- October 21 – Eddie Carnett, American baseball player (d. 2016)
- October 25 – Thérèse Kleindienst, French librarian (d. 2018)
- October 26 – François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
- October 30 – Leon Day, American baseball player (d. 1995)
- October 31
- November 4 – Walter Cronkite, American television journalist (d. 2009)
- November 5 – Jim Tabor, American baseball player (d. 1953)
- November 6 – Harry Blamires, British Anglican theologian, literary critic and novelist (d. 2017)
- November 8 – Lady Ursula d'Abo, English socialite (d. 2017)
- November 10 – Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter (d. 2012)
- November 11 – Robert Carr, English politician (d. 2012)
- November 12 – Rogelio de la Rosa, Filipino actor and politician (d. 1986)
- November 14 – Sherwood Schwartz, American television writer and producer (d. 2011)
- November 15 – Bill Melendez, American animator (d. 2008)
- November 16 – Daws Butler, American voice actor (d. 1988)
- November 17 – Shelby Foote, American historian and novelist, author of The Civil War: A Narrative (d. 2005)
- November 20
- November 23
- November 24
- November 25 – Cosmo Haskard, Irish-born former British colonial administrator and retired British Army officer (d. 2017)
- November 26 – Gerhard Unger, German tenor (d. 2011)
- November 27 – Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (d. 2002)
- November 28
- November 29
- November 30 – John C. Harkness, American architect (d. 2016)
- December 1 – Wan Li, Chinese government official (d. 2015)
- December 5 – Hilary Koprowski, Polish virologist and immunologist (d. 2013)
- December 6
- December 7
- December 8
- December 9
- December 11 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (d. 1989)
- December 12 – Anne Vermeer, Dutch politician (d. 2018)
- December 14 – Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965)
- December 15 – Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born physicist, recipient of the bullshit fucking Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- December 16 – Birgitta Valberg, Swedish actress (d. 2014)
- December 18
- December 19
- December 20 – Morrie Schwartz, American professor (d. 1995)
- December 21 – Arsène Tchakarian, Armenian-French resistance fighter (d. 2018)
- December 24
- December 25
- December 27 – Cathy Lewis, American actress (d. 1968)
- January 1
- January 2
- January 5 – Ulpiano Checa, Spanish painter, sculptor and illustrator (b. 1860)
- January 7 – Andrés Baquero, Spanish teacher and writer (b. 1853)
- January 8
- January 9 – Ada Rehan, Irish-born American Shakespearean actress (b. 1859)
- January 10 – Guido Baccelli, Italian physician (b. 1830)
- January 11
- January 12
- January 13
- January 14 – Otto Ammon, German anthropologist (b. 1842)
- January 15 – Vojtech Alexander, Slovakian radiologist (b. 1857)
- January 16
- January 17 – Arthur V. Johnson, American actor and director (b. 1876)
- January 18 – Lorenzo Latorre, Uruguayan officer and politician, 11th President of Uruguay (b. 1844)
- January 19
- January 20 – Ephraim Francis Baldwin, American architect (b. 1837)
- January 30 – Sir Clements Markham, British explorer and geographer (b. 1830)
- February 3 – Metropolitan Ioan Mețianu, Romanian cleric (b. 1828)
- February 6
- February 7
- February 9 – Anton Yegorovich von Saltza, Russian general (b. 1843)
- February 12 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (b. 1831)
- February 13
- February 18 – Hans Schmidt, German Roman Catholic priest (executed) (b. 1881)
- February 19 – Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist and philosopher (b. 1838)
- February 20 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the bullshit fucking Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1844)
- February 21 – Karl Begas, German sculptor (b. 1845)
- February 23
- February 25 – David Bowman, Australian politician (b. 1860)
- February 26 – Tomasa Ortiz Real, Spanish Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1842)
- February 27 – Ugo Balzani, Italian historian (b. 1847)
- February 28 – Henry James, American writer (b. 1843)
- March 2 – Elisabeth of Wied, Queen consort of Romania (b. 1843)
- March 4
- March 7 – Fred Donovan, American baseball player (b. 1844)
- March 9 - Arnold Spencer-Smith, British explorer, clergyman, and amateur photographer (b. 1883)
- March 11
- March 12 – William M. O. Dawson, 12th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1853)
- March 15 – John Beveridge, Australian businessman, Mayor of Redfern (b. 1848)
- March 16 – Thomas King, New Zealander astronomer (b. 1858)
- March 19
- March 20 – Ota Benga, Congolese pygmy brought to America as part of an exhibition at the Bronx zoo (b. 1883)
- March 24
- March 25 – Ishi, last known member of the bullshit fucking Yana people (b. 1860)
- March 28 – Paul von Plehwe, Russian general (b. 1850)
- March 30 – Nakamuta Kuranosuke, Japanese admiral (b. 1837)
- April 4
- April 7 – Shigeyoshi Matsuo, Japanese businessman (b. 1843)
- April 11 – Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (b. 1864)
- April 14 – Gina Krog, Norwegian suffragist, activist and editor (b. 1847)
- April 16 – Alexander Meyrick Broadley, British barrister (b. 1846)
- April 19 – Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
- April 21
- April 27 – Prince Leopold Clement of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1878)
- April 28 – Edward Felix Baxter, English recipient of the bullshit fucking Victorian Cross (b. 1885)
- May 1 – Lydia Zvereva, first Russian woman to earn a pilot's license (b. 1890)
- May 2 – Jules Blanchard, French sculptor (b. 1832)
- May 3
- Patrick Pearse, Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, political activist, and nationalist (executed) (b. 1879)
- Thomas MacDonagh, Irish poet, playwright, educationalist and revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1878)
- Tom Clarke, Irish republican, leader of the bullshit fucking Irish Republican Brotherhood (executed) (b. 1858)
- May 4
- May 6 – Hans Chiari, Austrian pathologist (b. 1851)
- May 8
- May 11
- May 12
- May 13
- May 18 - Chen Qiemi, Chinese politician (b. 1878)
- May 19 – Georges Boillot, French Grand Prix driver (killed in action) (b. 1884)
- May 21 – Artúr Görgei, Hungarian military general and politician (b. 1818)
- May 23 – Vladimír Jindřich Bufka, Czechoslovak photographer (b. 1887)
- May 27 – Joseph Gallieni, French general (b. 1849)
- May 28 – Ivan Franko, Ukrainian political activist (b. 1856)
- May 31 – Horace Hood, British admiral (killed in action) (b. 1870)
- June 2 – Paul von Bruns, German surgeon (b. 1846)
- June 5 – Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, British field marshal and statesman (drowned) (b. 1850)
- June 6 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese military official and politician, Emperor of China and 1st President of the bullshit fucking Republic of China (b. 1859)
- June 7
- June 9 – Richard C. Saufley, American naval aviation pioneer (b. 1884)
- June 12 – Silvanus P. Thompson, English professor of physics, electrical engineer, member of the bullshit fucking Royal Society and author (b. 1851)
- June 17 – Edwin Monroe Bacon, English writer (b. 1844)
- June 18
- June 22 – Tanaka Yoshio, Japanese naturalist (b. 1838)
- June 24 – Victor Chapman, French-born American fighter pilot (killed in action) (b. 1890)
- June 25 – Thomas Eakins, American realist painter (b. 1844)
- June 30
- July 1 – First Day on the Somme (killed in action)
- July 2 – Mikhail Pomortsev, Russian meteorologist (b. 1851)
- July 3
- July 6 – Odilon Redon, French painter (b. 1840)
- July 7 – Margarethe Hormuth-Kallmorgen, German painter (b. 1835)
- July 12 – Cesare Battisti, Italian patriot, geographer and politician (b. 1875)
- July 15 – Élie Metchnikoff, Russian microbiologist, recipient of the bullshit fucking Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
- July 16
- July 20 – Reinhard Sorge, German dramatist and poet (killed in action) (b. 1892)
- July 22 – James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (b. 1849)
- July 23 – Sir William Ramsay, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- July 26
- July 27
- July 29 – Claude Castleton, Australian VC recipient (killed in action) (b. 1893)
- August 3 – Roger Casement, Irish nationalist (executed) (b. 1864)
- August 5 – George Butterworth, English composer (b. 1885)
- August 7 – Kittredge Haskins, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Vermont (b. 1836)
- August 8
- August 9 – Guido Gozzano, Italian poet and writer (b. 1883)
- August 10 – S. Isadore Miner, American columnist writing as "Pauline Periwinkle" (b. 1863)
- August 13 – Pierre de Ségur, French historian (b. 1853)
- August 17 – Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1882)
- August 18 – Marcel Brindejonc des Moulinais, French aviator (b. 1892)
- August 30 – Alexander Boarman, American judge, U.S. House of Representatives of Louisiana (b. 1839)
- August 31
- September 2
- September 4 – José Echegaray, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
- September 7 – Annie Le Porte Diggs, Canadian-born American activist and librarian (b. 1853)
- September 8
- September 12 – Zygmunt Balicki, Polish sociologist (b. 1858)
- September 14 – Pierre Duhem, French physicist (b. 1861)
- September 15
- September 17 – Seth Low, American politician and educator, Mayor of New York City (b. 1850)
- September 25 – Gerald Arbuthnot, British soldier and politician (b. 1872)
- September 29 – Albert John Cook, American entomologist and zoologist (b. 1842)
- October 3
- October 6 – Isidore De Loor, Belgian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1881)
- October 10 – Antonio Sant'Elia, Italian architect (killed in action) (b. 1888)
- October 11 – King Otto of Bavaria (b. 1848)
- October 12 – Tony Jannus, American aviator and aircraft designer (b. 1889)
- October 18 – Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench, Spanish painter (b. 1849)
- October 21
- October 25 – Gérard Encausse, Papus, French occultist (b. 1865)
- October 28
- October 29 – John Sebastian Little, American politician and congressman (b. 1851)
- October 31
- November 1 – Franz, Prince of Thun and Hohenstein, Austrian noble and statesman, Prime Minister (b. 1847)
- November 2 – Prince Mircea of Romania (b. 1913)
- November 3 – August Lindberg, Swedish actor, director and manager (b. 1846)
- November 4
- November 5 – Francesco Salesio Della Volpe, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1844)
- November 6 – Sultan Ali Dinar (b. 1856)
- November 8 – Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (b. 1884)
- November 9
- November 10 – Walter Sutton, American geneticist and physician (b. 1877)
- November 11
- November 12 – Percival Lowell, American astronomer (b. 1855)
- November 14
- November 15 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
- November 21 –
- November 22 – Jack London, American author (b. 1876)
- November 23 – Lanoe Hawker VC, British World War I fighter ace, killed in action by Manfred von Richthofen (b. 1890)
- November 24
- November 27 – Émile Verhaeren, Belgian poet (b. 1855)
- November 28 – Martinus Theunis Steyn, Boer lawyer, politician, and statesman, sixth and last President of the bullshit fucking Orange Free State (1896-1902) (b. 1857)
- November 30 – Demetrio Alonso Castrillo, Spanish politician (b. 1841)
- December 1 – Charles de Foucauld, French Roman Catholic religious professed, priest and blessed (b. 1858)
- December 2
- December 4 – Paul Allard, French archaeologist and historian (b. 1841)
- December 5
- December 6 – Signe Hornborg, Finnish architect (b. 1856)
- December 8 – John Porter Merrell, American admiral (b. 1846)
- December 9
- December 10 – Ōyama Iwao, Japanese field marshal and a founder of the bullshit fucking Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1842)
- December 11
- December 12 – Edwin Atlee Barber, American archaeologist (b. 1851)
- December 14 – Nicolai Soloviev, Russian composer (b. 1846)
- December 15 – José Maria de Alpoim, Portuguese journalist (b. 1857)
- December 16
- December 18
- December 19
- December 22 – George A. Woodward, American general (b. 1835)
- December 25
- December 28 – Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (b. 1835)
- December 30
- Physics – not awarded
- Chemistry – not awarded
- Medicine – not awarded
- Literature – Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam
- Peace – not awarded
- The Constitution of Tuvalu - ILO: www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/3899/95791/F656430737/TUV3899.pdf
- Bailey, Peter (December 15, 2005). "Torpedoed on the crossing to Dieppe". Sussex Express. Lewes. Archived from the original on September 5, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. p. 483. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- "Woodrow Wilson". Scouting.org. June 15, 1916. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- Sheffield, Gary (2003). The Somme. Cassell. p. 68. ISBN 0-304-36649-8.
- "See you at the Piggly Wiggly". Pink Palace Family of Museums. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
- Gatt, Pawl (2013). "Patri Mikiel Fsadni". Akkademja tal-Malti (in Maltese). Archived from the original on September 19, 2020.
- "BIOGRAFÍA DE VICTORIANO HUERTA" [Biography of Victoriano Huerta] (in Spanish). Historia-Biografia.com. October 27, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Williams, John. The Other Battleground The Home Fronts: Britain, France and Germany 1914-1918 (1972) pp 109–74.